N-6-BAP

Introduction

Kinins are phytohormones which initiate cell division in tissues, including those whose cells do not divide in the absence of kinins even when optimally nourished and supplied with other phytohormones. Kinins occur in the endosperm of mazize and coconut, and in other plant organs.

True cytokinis were discovered as a result of efforts to find factors that would stimulate plant cells to divide. They were shown to affect many other physiological and developmental processes. These effects include the delay of senescence in detached organs, the mobilization of nutrients, chloroplast maturation, the expansion of cotyledons, and the control of morphogenesis. In the case of chloroplast maturation, delay of senescence, and mobilization of nutrients, cell division does not occur during the cytokinin induced response. In other words, cytokinins have a number of different, apparently unrelated rebulatory roles in higher plants.

A large number of chemical compounds have been synthesized and tested for cytokinin activity. Analysis of these compounds provides insight into structural requirements for activity. Nearly all compounds as active as cytokinins are 6-substituted aminopurines derivatives. Benzylaminopurine (BAP), which has found uses in agriculture, is an example of synthetic 6-substituted aminopurine cytokinin.

Benzylaminopurine has proven to accelerate plant cell growth and division and has recently developed as a color preserver in vegetables such as asparagus, broccoli, brussels sprouts, lettuce, and celery for extended color retention during harvesting, shipping and storage by using chlorophyll retention. N-6 BAP's success in increasing size and multiple budding characteristics in a variety of tropical and subtropical fruits and vegetables has attracted great interest in the agricultural economies. Two of N-6BAP's many attractions are its ability to display high activity in very diluted solution and its USFDA General Recognize as a Safe Status which requires no registration for its use.

A major problem associated with N-6BAP has been its poor solubility in water. However, Interchem Technologies has developed a sophisticated technique to increase N-6BAP's solubility in aqueous solution containing 125 mgm. of N-6BAP per milliliter (0.125 gm/ml). This new concept called a "concentrated stock" solution can be diluted with water to any level of concentration desired for direct field application.

Features

  • Acceleration of cell division and the related DNA synthesis.

  • Acceleration of inhibition of cell enlargement in leaves.

  • Promotion of leaf bud formation and elimination of the related polarity, as well as the mutual inhibition of longitudinal growth.

  • Promotion of root growth and root formation; occasionally inhibition.

  • Influence of leaf shape and leaf pigments

  • Promotion of germination

  • Interruption of the rest period (dormancy)

  • Increase in respiration and RNA and DNA synthesis.

  • Inhibition of protein degradation, rejuvenation of the leaves

  • Translocation of low-molecular nitrogen compounds but not inorganic ions.

  • Increase size nad produce larger fruit
Specifications Sheet

PRODUCT NAME:

CHEMICAL NAME:

COMMON NAME:

CHEMICAL FORMULA:

CAS#

APPEARANCE:

MOLECULAR WEIGHT:

VOLATILES:

TEST METHOD:

 

N-6-BENZYLAMINOPURINE

N(phenylmethyl)-1H-purin-5-amine

6-Benzyladenine, 6-Benzylaminopurine, BAP

C12H11N5

1214-39-7

White to off-white solid

225.26

1% maximum

UV Spectrum


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